For those doing station verification, a new link has been added to click to do a “Whois” query.
(Note the thumbnail of the page which I added recently but didn’t tell about in the blog)
Since I’m not asking you to do research until you’ve had significant experience, this new feature is mainly here for my use (and the curious among you).
First, some technical information.
To get a web site visible, there are three different things that have to be done. In many cases, the same company provides all of them, but not always.
The first is the Domain Registration. The domain registration process assigns exclusive use to a domain name on the internet – not only web servers, but email and other things you probably don’t want to know about. The process also provides a mechanism for resolving disputes where more than one person claims the same or similar names, or the name is a trademark. If I were to try to register Xerox.info, Xerox’s lawyers would challenge the registration and win.
The second thing you need is a web server on the internet, which is connected to the internet by someone who provides internet services and a path to reach the server. The current “investigate risk” link is telling you that information – which provides clues like server is located somewhere other than where you would expect (like Japan or Switzerland). It doesn’t mean there is an actual risk, but there is reason for being careful.
The third thing you need is a DNS resolver service. It’s the glue that holds the first two together. StreamingRadioGuide.com is registered, and the server is located at address 188.8.131.52.
When you try to access the server, first the domain is looked up to find out where to find the server. You will see that the domain is owned by me, and ENOM is the registrar (that’s the company in Chicago that used to house the web site). It tells you that my DNS lookup service is provided by EasyDNS, a company I switched to when ENOM’s DNS service failed and my business was losing $100s an hour because of it (back in the FindAnISP.com days). EasyDNS is located in Toronto, Canada.
The EasyDNS server tells the world that if you want to connect to StreamingRadioGuide.com, try IPv4 Address 184.108.40.206 or better yet, try IPv6 address 2400:cb00:2049:1::c629:defe
All of this is magic, and the good thing is you don’t need to understand anything I just said to use the World Wide Web 🙂
So let’s say you’re trying to figure out if http://www.lagiganteradio.net/ is really the website for WKIQ-AM (1240) in Eustis Florida, airing the Regional Mexican music format (The Big One).
The whois query will return to you:
Domain Name: LAGIGANTERADIO.NET
Registry Domain ID: 1643786752_DOMAIN_NET-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.publicdomainregistry.com
Registrar URL: www.publicdomainregistry.com
Updated Date: 2014-04-04T18:31:40Z
Creation Date: 2011-03-05T14:39:10Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-03-05T14:39:10Z
Registrar: PDR Ltd. d/b/a PublicDomainRegistry.com
Registrar IANA ID: 303
Registrar Abuse Contact Email:
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1-2013775952
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: DI_14714404
Registrant Name: javier sanchez
Registrant Organization: javier sanchez
Registrant Street: bahia s n
Registrant City: guadalajara
Registrant State/Province: jalisco
Registrant Postal Code: 44100
Registrant Country: MX
Registrant Phone: +0.521331363205
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registry Admin ID: DI_14714404
Admin Name: javier sanchez
Admin Organization: javier sanchez
Admin Street: bahia s n
Admin City: guadalajara
Admin State/Province: jalisco
Admin Postal Code: 44100
Admin Country: MX
Admin Phone: +0.521331363205
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax Ext:
Registry Tech ID: DI_14714404
Tech Name: javier sanchez
Tech Organization: javier sanchez
Tech Street: bahia s n
Tech City: guadalajara
Tech State/Province: jalisco
Tech Postal Code: 44100
Tech Country: MX
Tech Phone: +0.521331363205
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax Ext:
Name Server: ns1.hostinger.es
Name Server: ns2.hostinger.es
Name Server: ns3.hostinger.es
Name Server: ns4.hostinger.es
Registration Service Provided By: SOLO10.COM S.A.
So the Domain Registrar is in Europe, DNS Server is located in Spain (Espana), and the “Owner” of the domain is an individual named Javier Sanchez who lives in Guadalajara, Mexico.
So where is the actual server located? doing a DNS lookup says the server is at an IP address controlled by a company in Lithuania, but the server is probably in England. Doing a traceroute confirms this:
raceroute to 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
1 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 0.271 ms 0.237 ms 0.246 ms
2 * * *
3 * * *
4 cpe-024-074-xxx-xxx.carolina.res.rr.com (24.74.xxx.xxx) 29.863 ms 29.932 ms 30.003 ms
5 cpe-024-074-xxx-xxx.carolina.res.rr.com (24.74.xxx.xxx) 17.143 ms 17.488 ms 17.566 ms
6 be32.drhmncev01r.southeast.rr.com (22.214.171.124) 23.047 ms 17.461 ms 17.310 ms
7 bu-ether14.atlngamq46w-bcr00.tbone.rr.com (126.96.36.199) 28.570 ms bu-ether44.atlngamq46w-bcr00.tbone.rr.com (188.8.131.52) 32.564 ms bu-ether14.atlngamq46w-bcr00.tbone.rr.com (184.108.40.206) 32.437 ms
8 ae-1-0.pr0.atl20.tbone.rr.com (220.127.116.11) 29.844 ms 29.629 ms 29.692 ms
9 18.104.22.168.ptr.us.xo.net (22.214.171.124) 32.125 ms 32.189 ms 126.96.36.199.ptr.us.xo.net (188.8.131.52) 27.108 ms
10 184.108.40.206.ptr.us.xo.net (220.127.116.11) 38.045 ms 26.995 ms 25.877 ms
11 ae-1.r04.atlnga05.us.bb.gin.ntt.net (18.104.22.168) 114.028 ms 120.198 ms 117.946 ms
12 ae-8.r20.asbnva02.us.bb.gin.ntt.net (22.214.171.124) 31.050 ms 28.193 ms 38.858 ms
13 ae-0.r21.asbnva02.us.bb.gin.ntt.net (126.96.36.199) 39.650 ms 27.401 ms *
14 * ae-2.r23.amstnl02.nl.bb.gin.ntt.net (188.8.131.52) 116.540 ms 125.581 ms
15 ae-1.r03.amstnl02.nl.bb.gin.ntt.net (184.108.40.206) 130.375 ms 113.548 ms 184.336 ms
16 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 140.291 ms 131.805 ms 166.202 ms
17 te-9-3-3346.core-dc1.man4.uk.m247.com (22.214.171.124) 151.784 ms 142.160 ms 145.958 ms
18 126.96.36.199 (188.8.131.52) 205.378 ms 155.228 ms 136.225 ms
The actual server is located in Manchester, England – the connection hops on some fiber cable in Northern Virginia (near the CIA) to get to Amsterdam in the the Netherlands, then over to England on a connection run by the Nippon Telephone and Telegraph.
So with all that information, is this the real web site or a fake copy?
[The above should convince you why the United States no longer is “in charge” of the Internet]